The Human and the Humane: Humanity as Argument from Cicero to Erasmus

書刊名 Title《書評》The Human and the Humane: Humanity as Argument from Cicero to Erasmus
作者 AuthorChristian Høgel
出版社 PublisherNational Taiwan UP
出版年 Year2015
語言 LanguageEnglish
(10 / 13)
Bibliography Reference (STC, Duff, GW . . .)
Web Link
撰寫日期 DateDec. 24, 2016

Ø 書評 Review (中英文不限 Chinese or English) 

[Original description]
In times of conflicts and crises, an argument insisting on the humane is commonly heard. In wars, voices demanding a humane treatment of prisoners – as decreed by the Geneva Convention – will be raised. Opposition to social injustice may be framed in a collected call for a humane society. Even educational systems may insist on having a humane perspective among its leading causes. Words referring to man – humane, but also humanistic, humanitarian, even humanity – thus take on status of ideals for mankind. Man, in common and legal speech, thus becomes the conceptual marker of his own perfection. The subject of this book is the early history of this linguistic feature and in particular its argumentative use, from its starting point till early modern times.
Christian Høgel is professor at the University of Southern Denmark, Odense. He is co-director of the Centre for Medieval Literature (Odense & York) and has written on Classical and Byzantine literature.
Chapter 1:
The Humane as Argument
Chapter 2:
The Humanitas of Cicero
Laws and diplomacy
The empire: provincials, barbarians, and slaves
The dynamic turn
Subject or object or both: cultural education or the law?
Chapter 3:
Implementing Humanitas
Imperial responses
Humanitas as ‘humanitarian’
Chapter 4:
Christianizing Humanitas
Other medieval usages
Chapter 5:
Humanitas as Argument Against War
The Italian humanists
First beginnings in the Renaissance
Erasmus and later humanists