Turning over a New Leaf: Manuscript Innovation in the Twelfth-Century Renaissance

主題 Topic Turning over a New Leaf: Manuscript Innovation in the Twelfth-Century Renaissance
代表作品 Title
作者 AuthorDr. Erik Kwakkel
(Leiden University Institute for Cultural Disciplines)
出版社 Publisher
出版年 Year
語言 Language
裝訂 Binding□  平裝 Paperback    □   精裝 Hardcover
頁數 Pages
(10 / 13)
Bibliography Reference (STC, Duff, GW . . .)
Web Link
撰寫日期 Date2015.06.03

A.   簡介 Introduction (within 500 words, Chinese or English) 

本研究議題重點在於研究中世紀手抄本的科技創新與文化變遷兩者之間的關係。研究社群探討十二世紀文藝復興時期 (“Twelfth-Century Renaissance” c. 1075 -c. 1225) 二百本手抄本,以量化的研究成果,說明在科技創新下如何使得當時的知識份子改變閱讀文本的習慣,進而在他們複製抄寫文本的過程中改變了中世紀手抄本的DNA。 
計畫主持人Erik Kwakkel宣稱:
The proposed project complements and expands current scholarship in several ways. First, the twelfth-century manuscript has not yet been studied as a separate entity that stands apart from its predecessor and successor because of its unique physical features. The terminology used to discuss various aspects of this new book format, with its decoration designated as “proto”-gothic and its script as littera “prae”-gotica, shows it is primarily seen as a precursor of the Gothic manuscript, that great book of the later Middle Ages. The project will also augment existing research through the sources it is based on, dated manuscripts, and how these are approached, namely in a quantitative manner. A large set of manuscripts so evidently linked to temporal, geographical and social dimensions of medieval culture can help provide assessments of unprecedented detail and conviction, as quantitative publications show. While this source is to date exclusively used for manuscript studies, the project will use the factual data it presents to historical ends: the catalogues can, like no other source, show us in detail that twelfth-century manuscript production turned over a new leaf, as did the medieval readers who used the objects. 
    This study also stands out in that it regards the object at its core — the twelfth-century manuscript — as a product of a pan-European intellectual movement, designed to satisfy the needs of a new generation of intellectuals. By linking the innovative book format to the age of renewal in which it was created, this study provides an unusual blend of physicality and historical inquiry, allowing the medieval historian to “read” much more in the manuscript than merely its texts: including the material dimension in his observations allows him to extract the “cultural residue” hidden in the DNA of the new book format and reveal new historical information, for example about the manner in which a manuscript was used and the readers who handled the object. 

B.   延伸閱讀 Extended Reading

Abulafia, Anna Sapir, “Intellectual and Cultural Creativity”, in: The Central Middle Ages, ed. Daniel Power (Oxford: OUP, 2006), 149-177. 
Benson, Robert L., and Giles Constable, eds., Renaissance and Renewal in the Twelfth Century, Medieval Academy Reprints for Teaching (Toronto: TUP, 1991). 
Cahn, Walter, Romanesque Manuscripts: The Twelfth Century, 2 vols. (London: Harvey Miller, 1996). 
Damian-Grint, Peter, The New Historians of the Twelfth-Century Renaissance: Inventing Vernacular Authority (Woodbridge: Boydell and Brewer, 1999). 
De Hamel, Christopher, Glossed Books of the Bible and theOrigins of the Paris Booktrade (Woodbridge: D. S. Brewer, 1984). 
Derolez, Albert, “Observations on the Aesthetics of the Gothic                                     Manuscript”,Scriptorium: Revue Internationale des Études Relatives aux                 Manuscrits 50 (1996), 3-12. 
Derolez, Albert, The Palaeography of Gothic Manuscript Books From the Twelfth to the Early Sixteenth Century, Cambridge Studies in Paleaegraphy and Codicology, 9 (Cambridge: CUP, 2001). 
Derolez, Albert, [2009] “The Publications Sponsored by the Comité Internationale de Paléographie International”                                                                                     (http://www.palaeographia.org/cipl/derolez.htm#cmd, consulted 17 February 2009). 
Donovan, Claire, The Winchester Bible (Toronto: TUP, 1993).  
Ganz, David, “Book Production in the Carolingian Empire and the Spread of Caroline Minuscule”, in The New Cambridge Medieval History Vol. ii: c. 700-c. 900, ed. Rosamund McKitterick (Cambridge: CUP, 1995), 786-808. 
Gibson, Margaret, The Eadwine Psalter: Text, Image and Monastic Culture in Twelfth-Century Canterbury (Pennsylvania State University Press, 1992). 
Gullick, Michael “The Scribe of the Carilef Bible: A New Look at Some Late-eleventh-century Durham Cathedral Manuscripts”, in Medieval Book Production: Assessing the Evidence. Proceedings of the Second Conference of the Seminar in the History of the Book to 1500, Oxford July 1988, ed. L. L. Brownrigg  (Los Altos Hills: Anderson-Lovelace, 1990), 61-83. 
Hall, Stuart G., “In the Beginning was the Codex: The Early Church and its Revolutionary Books”, in The Church and the Book, ed. R. N. Swanson (Woodbridge: Boydell and Brewer, 2004), 1-10. 
Haskins, Charles Homer, The Renaissance of the Twelfth Century (Cambridge: HUP, 1927). 
Illich, Ivan, In the Vineyard of the Text: A Commentary to Hugh’s                               Didascalicon (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1996). 
Jaeger, C. Stephen, The Envy of Angels: Cathedral Schools and Social Ideals in Medieval Europe (Philadelphia: UPP, 1994). 
Jaeger, C. Stephen, “Pessimism in the Twelfth-Century ‘Renaissance’”, Speculum: A Journal of Medieval Studies 78 (2003), 1151-1183. 
Kaufmann, C. M., Romanesque Manuscripts 1066-1190, 2 vols. (London, 1975). 
Kelly, Kevin, “Becoming Screen Literate”, New York Times Magazine, 23                   November 2008 
Ker, N. R., English Manuscripts in the Century after the Conquest (Oxford: OUP, 1960). 
Knowles, David, The Evolution of Medieval Thought (London: Longman, 1962). 
Kwakkel, Erik, “A New Type of Book for a New Type of Reader: The Emergence of Paper in Vernacular Book Production”, The Library: The Transactions of the Bibliographical Society, 7th series, 4 (2003), 219-248. Scheduled for reprinting in History of the Book in the West, Vol. I: 400-1455, ed. Pamela Robinson and Jane Roberts (London: Ashgate). 
Kwakkel, Erik, “The Cultural Dynamics of Medieval Book Production”,                     in Manuscripten en miniaturen: Studies aangeboden aan Anne S. Korteweg bij haar afscheid van de Koninklijke Bibliotheek, ed. J. Biemans et al., Bijdragen voor de geschiedenis van de Nederlandse boekhandel, 8 (Zutphen: Walburg Pers, 2007), 243-252. 
Kwakkel, Erik, “Behind the Scenes of a Revision: Michael Scot and the Oldest Manuscript of his Abbreviatio Avicenne”, Viator: Medieval and Renaissance Studies 40 (2009).
Kwakkel, Erik, “Books on a Budget: The Economics of Manuscript Production”, in The Production of Books in England, c. 1350-c. 1530, ed. Alexandra Gillespie and Daniel Wakelin (Cambridge UP, 2011). 
Kwakkel, Erik, [Forthcoming 2], “Late-Medieval Text Collections: A                         Codicological Typology based on Single-Author Manuscripts”, in Medieval Authorship: Theory and Practice, ed. Erik Kwakkel and Stephen Partridge(Toronto: U of T Press, forthcoming). 
Luscombe, David, “Thought and Learning”. in The New Cambridge Medieval              History Volume iv: c. 1024-c. 1198 Part I, ed. David Luscombe and Jonathan Riley-Smith (Cambridge, 2004), 461-498. 
Ornato, Ezio, and Carla Bozzolo, La face cachée du livre médiéval [...], I libri di Viella, 10 (Rome: Viella, 1997). 
Palmer, Nigel F., Zisterzienser und Ihre Bücher: Die mittelalterliche                           Bibliotheksgeschichte von Kloster Eberbach im Rheingau (Regensburg: Schnell & Steiner, 1998). 
Roberts, C. H., “The Codex”, Proceedings of the British Academy 40 (1954), 169-204. 
Roberts, Colin H., and T. C. Skeat, The Birth of the Codex (London: British Academy, 1983). 
Rouse, Richard H., and Mary A. Rouse, “’Statim Invenire’: Schools, Preachers and New Attitudes to the Page”, in Benson, Robert L., and Giles Constable, eds., Renaissance and Renewal in the Twelfth Century, Medieval Academy Reprints for Teaching (Toronto: TUP, 1991), 201-225. 
Saenger, Paul, Space between Words: The Origins of Silent Reading (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1997). 
Sheppard, Jennifer M. “Some Twelfth-Century Monastic Bindings and the                   Question of Localization”, in Making the Medieval Book: Techniques of                 Production. Proceedings of the Fourth Conference of the Seminar in the History of the Book to 1500, Oxford July 1992, ed. L. L. Brownrigg (Los Altos Hills:Anderson-Lovelace, 1995), 181-198. 
Swanson, R. N., The Twelfth-Century Renaissance (Manchester: MUP, 1999). Thomson, Rodney M., Manuscripts from St Albans 
Abbey 1066-1235, 2 vols.(Woodbridge: Boydell and Brewer, 1982). 
Thomson, Rodney M., ed., Englandand the Twelfth-Century Renaissance                   (Aldershot: Ashgate, 1998). 
Thomson, Rodney M., “Richard Southern on the twelfth-century intellectual world” (review of R. W. Southern, Scholastic Humanism and the Unification of Europe [2 vols., Oxford, 1995, 2001]), Journal of Religious History 26 (2002), 264-73. 
Thomson, R. M., Books and Learning in Twelfth-Century England: The Ending of'Alter Orbis' (The Lyell Lectures in Bibliography, 2000-1) (Red Gull Press, 2006). 
Verger, Jacques, “The Universities and Scholasticism”, in The New Cambridge Medieval History Volume v: c. 1198-c. 1300, ed. David Abulafia (Cambridge:CUP, 1995), 256-276.