|主題 Topic||Roundtable: Despair in the Middle Ages|
|裝訂 Binding||□ 平裝 Paperback □ 精裝 Hardcover|
(10 / 13)
|Bibliography Reference||(STC, Duff, GW . . .)|
|撰寫日期 Date||Oct. 28, 2016|
A. 簡介 Introduction (within 500 words, Chinese or English)
此在中世紀的思想中，絕望存在於許多論述交集之間。絕望是一個拒絕神恩的神學狀態；是七宗罪之一懶惰的麻木；是由體液不平衡引起的憂鬱症；也是愛人心傷所需忍受的情緒折磨。從但丁的神曲，到喬叟的Troilus and Criseyde、到Piers Plowman，絕望在西歐的方言文學與宗教哲學和醫學的拉丁文作品中皆發揮了重要作用。本場次由賓州大學工作小組（以下簡稱M@P）主辦，旨在建立一個廣泛的網絡、促進學者之間的對話、進而探討絕望作為一個概念的不同面向。 [Original CFP] Despair, in medieval thought, existed at the intersection of a number of discourses. It was at once a theological state defined by the rejection of divine grace; a deadly sin of slothful torpor, when folded into the category of acedia; a melancholia caused by humoral imbalances; and a type of emotional suffering endured by heartsick lovers. From the Wood of Suicides in Canto 13 of Dante’s Inferno to the immobilized wretchedness of Troilus in Chaucer’s Troilus and Criseyde, from the stale bread of hardship (le pain de dure peine) of René d’Anjou to the allegorical figure of Sloth (Accidie) in Piers Plowman, despair -- which we would define, after Dante, as the abandonment or loss of all hope -- played a significant role in the vernacular literary production of Western Europe as well as in latinate works of religious philosophy and medicine. This roundtable, sponsored by the University of Pennsylvania working group Medievalists at Penn (hereafter M@P), seeks to cast a wide net and foster a dialogue among scholars whose work addresses such varied facets of despair as a concept. How does the treatment of despair in medieval texts balance and negotiate its manifold registers? What sorts of subjective perceptions of time and space are created through the experience of despair? How does despair work to build up or break down the defining barriers of identity that quarantine the self from the outside world? M@P is committed to promoting collaboration and fostering the exchange of ideas, particularly among those who are conducting research in growing areas of inquiry. We hope that this panel will be a timely one, considering that the history of emotions has been an extraordinarily fruitful intellectual terrain in recent years, especially in relating the act of feeling emotion to the formal qualities of the literary text. This area promises to generate more food for thought in times to come, such as through Rita Copeland’s upcoming volume on rhetoric and the history of the discourse of emotions. Our aim is to bring together a number of exciting voices with diverse purchases on the topic of despair, and to also open up ways of engaging with medieval texts through critical lenses that still have more to offer the field, such as affect studies and disability studies.
B. 延伸閱讀 Extended Reading